Knapp relationship development model

Knapp and Vangelisti's Model of Relationship Development by on Prezi

knapp relationship development model

Knapp and Vangelisti's Model of Relationship Development There is diminishing commitment to the relationship and a shrinking interest. Knapp's relational development model portrays relationship development as a ten step process, broken into two phases. Created by and named after. Define - This is the stage where elements of the two partner's lives become fused, such as physical space, belongings, or relationships.

Different forms of distancing are also common at this stage: No longer are they both receiving a mutually satisfying outcome from being with one another. Neither one of them is happy and the relationship must come to an end. In this model, this step is unavoidable and relationships can terminate at any time.

Termination can occur due to physical separation, growing socially or psychologically apart, or the death of one of the partners. Communication in this stage is marked by distance an attempt to put psychological and physical barriers between partners and disassociation messages that prepare one or both parties for their life without the other. Movement is generally systematic and sequential.

Knapp's relational development model

This does not suggest that the process is linear or unchangeable; the phenomena is never at rest and is continually in flux. People do generally follow the same pattern, however. Each stage contains important presuppositions for the next. Sequencing makes forecasting adjacent stages easier.

Skipping steps is risky due to potentially losing information that would have been provided in the skipped step. Movement may be forward. Any movement toward greater levels of intimacy is considered "forward. Movement may be backward. Backward movement can be the result of moving too quickly, thus preventing any sort of stabilization. Movement occurs within stages. Movement is always to a new state.

Partners can go through the same stages more than once, but they can never truly go back to "the way things were.

In an effort to determine which stage partners are in, Welch and Rubin gave partners a list of behaviors and asked them to indicate the extent to which each behavior was characteristic of their relationship.

Interpersonal Communication 3rd ed. Building Interpersonal Communication Skills.

Knapp's Relational Development Model

Interpersonal Communication and Human Relationships 7th ed. From Greeting to Goodbye. Retrieved 23 October Human Communication Research, 11, — During their date they talk about their lives and how the boy got the job and his personal experience and the girl also reveals about her parents, her previous experiences, etc.

In personal life people may fall in love or find a close friend. The level of intimacy can progress to a further relationship. Bonding — In this stage, a person will announce to the world about their relationship.

knapp relationship development model

They make their relationship recognized and will honor their commitment legally. The relationship is indefinite and only to be broken through a formal notice, agreements or death etc.

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Example 1 — The boy proposes and the girl agrees to marry him. Example 2 — The bonding stage of business relationships comprises of partnerships and durable relationships which can lower business expenses and can result in more profit. Like coming together, there are five stages in coming apart. Differentiating — When people progress in a relationship they sometimes due to other external pressures will start thinking individually rather than with the partner. They may start developing hobbies or other endeavors.

knapp relationship development model

The relationship will start to fade and the everlasting bond will be broken. The feeling of dislike is often expressed by the partners on their commitment.

Example 1 — The boy comes up with idea of quitting the job and to do something he wanted.

knapp relationship development model

The girl rejects the idea with some reasoning. So a pressure is created inside the relationship. Example 2 — In business, meetings are crucial to know the partners stands and other opinions.

Due to work pressure, dealers and other costumers, the meetings are reduced. They start to think more as individuals than as partners. Circumscribing — After differentiating partners will limit their conversations and will set up boundaries in their communication. Such argument only serves to push them apart faster.

knapp relationship development model

Knowing this, they may avoid argument, but the differences still exist and work on the individual psyches. In business, there may be issues of quality and whether what is being delivered is that which is really needed. Conflict may cause recourse to contract details. Stagnation A stagnant relationship has reached the stage where separation is complete in many ways, yet the relationship persists, perhaps through apathy, convenience or other lack of need to completely separate.

In families, couples may stay together for the children even though their relationship has reached rock bottom.

  • Knapp’s Staircase Model
  • Knapp’s Relationship Model
  • Knapp's relational development model

If tensions continue, it can be a difficult question as to whether separation is best or worst for the children. In business, a stagnant relationship can lead to one or both parties receiving significantly less value than they once got from the relationship.

Avoidance At some point the people see each other less and less, often deliberately avoiding contact. If they live together, one may go out whilst the other is in.

If they work together, they may move jobs or otherwise ignore each other. In avoiding one another, one of the first things to go is eye contact which may have faded long ago anyway.

Even when in the same room, they will try not to look at one another. Avoidance also happens in business, where people see sorting out of a troublesome relationship or supplier as not in their current remit and so focus first on the issues that affect their key performance indicators.

knapp relationship development model

Termination Finally the people pull apart and go their separate ways.