The relationship between a professional and a client may be defined by boundaries. These boundaries make the relationship both professional. Start studying The Professional-Client Relationship. Learn vocabulary Explain the diagram associated with the paternalistic model. -the professional has a. The professional-client relationship is a contract, ver- bal or written, and is basically a . and as a means of preventing foreseeable problems for the practitioner.
To reiterate, the difference between the contract and the covenant lies in what both parties depend on to be sure that they will benefit from entering into any relationship with another party through the actions of their counterparts. Both parties who enter into a contract will be able to hold their counterpart responsible for any shortcomings — whereas in the case of the covenant, both parties can only hope and trust that their counterparts fulfill what is required of them in this mutual agreement, as the agreement is not set in stone.
In order to explain these two models in detail, first the contract and covenant models will be discussed, after which the positives of these models and the differences between the two will be described.
Client Relationships and Ethical Boundaries for Social Workers in Child Welfare - meer-bezoekers.info
The contract model is essentially when two parties enter into a legal binding contract that predetermines certain actions that must be taken by both parties. All parties involved make decisions with respect to what they execute, and when they enter into a contract, they are legally bound to carry out all that is stated in the contract agreed upon.
This is assuming both parties carry out what they agree to do when they enter this agreement. Under the covenant model, parties are not bound by the law to carry out what they declare initially, but are trusted by their counterparts to do so, and in the process to honor their own word. While both the contract and covenant model have their negatives, both models are more advantageous when compared to both the parent and friendship models.
The parent model, in essence, states that one party out of the two in the agreement is allowed to make all decisions without the consent or opinion of the other party.
ProfessionalEthics: The Professional-Client Relationship
It is at the end of the day, similar to how a parent has full control over his or her child and makes decisions for this child, because he or she is expected to make these decisions for the child, regardless of what the child thinks. The friendship model, on the other hand, is self-explanatory — it is the relationship between two friends.
This would mean that if, hypothetically speaking, one party confided certain sensitive information with another party, it would be up to the other party to decide whether to keep this information confidential or not — they are not legally required to do so and are in no agreement, whether it be formal or informal, with the other party to do so.
Because in both the contract and covenant model, the opinions, judgment and consent of both parties are required to be taken into consideration in an agreement that has been accepted by both parties beforehand, both parties are more likely to be satisfied with the outcomes of their respective agreements, in comparison to an agreement based upon the parent or friendship models. While both the covenant and contract models are better than both the friendship and the parent model, both models remain contrasting in multiple ways.
As explained earlier, the covenant model is primarily an agreement between two parties who agree to carry out certain deeds that benefit each other — there remains no legally binding way to hold any party responsible for what they are expected to do as part of any agreement they enter.
Client Relationships and Ethical Boundaries for Social Workers in Child Welfare
Parties are trusted by their opposite numbers to complete their part of any agreement they enter, and hypothetically speaking, any party could get away unscathed if they decide to break an agreement.
Parties agree to carry out certain actions for one another, trusting that their counterpart will carry out what they initially claim — with no formal agreement of any sort to legally bind them to do so.
The contract model on the other hand, involves a formal agreement between both parties that holds them responsible for their actions, and therefore, either party could be sued in court by the other if for some reason, one party does not fulfill what they are required to do as part of the contract.
Both parties enter into a legal contract that binds them to carry out certain actions.
This model involves benefits for both parties, but also involves certain obligations in terms of actions they must perform. The contract model encourages collaborations between parties, and contracts are relatively simple agreements that involve tit for tat arrangements in terms of actions and benefits — one party carries out a specific action that can benefit the other party, and vice versa.
As mentioned earlier, while both the covenant model and the contract model both have their respective advantages and disadvantages, it can be argued that the contract model would suit most situations involving two parties better, considering what is expected of parties entering any professional agreement in the present.
To justify this assertion, first, the rationale behind this proclamation will be examined and described, after which certain objections to this assertion will be scrutinized and responded to. Subsequently, the relationship between both models and the fiduciary model will be explored. As social workers, we have a responsibility to examine the issues of client relationships and ethical boundaries. This conversation merits discussion among our peers and other related professionals.
In the age of increased litigation and constituent complaints, it is not a topic to be ignored. The personal and corporate costs and liabilities associated with claims of unethical behaviors have long lasting impact to those in the profession and for those who are served.
Fortunately, ethics training for social workers must be taken in accordance with state licensure standards. This provides an opportunity to be mindful of our ethical obligations and boundaries in serving others throughout the field.
Non-licensed employees are not exempt from the risk of assumed liabilities in child welfare or other social work settings. Both public and private organizations generally have ascribed core principles, ethical procedures, and guidance with regard to policy safeguards that govern the scope of responsibilities of employees in providing client services.
This is intended to keep all safe. This includes verbal and nonverbal communication. Explore and determine whether your client engagement skills are healthy or unhealthy. Revisit the signals and warning list of possible risk factors provided earlier in this article. If you find yourself or others on the list, take any necessary action to correct the area s of concern.
Always remain focused on meeting the needs of the client versus your own personal needs. Evaluate and pursue other avenues of support, which may include professional counseling, clinical supervision, and training. Finally, critically evaluate whether a career change might be necessary for the protection of self, clients, and agency employer.
Ethical dilemmas in the social worker-client relationship. Journal of Progressive Human Services, 15 2 National Association of Social Workers. Boundary violations in professional—client relationships. Boundary issues in social work: Social Work, 48 1 She is a current state government policy administrator, and is a doctoral student at Walden University, School of Public Policy and Administration.