Forget the association of the word "Gothic" to dark, haunted houses, Wuthering Heights, . Four styles of English medieval architecture at Ely Cathedral. The first part of the Middle Ages saw very little building of anything but houses in northern Europe, as people struggled to adjust to the fall of. Gothic architecture, architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid 12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by.
This was the beginning of the feudal system Enter the Middle Ages, 1.
- Gothic architecture: an introduction
- Gothic architecture
- Development of Gothic Architecture in Relationship to Medieval Society
For safety and defense people in the Middle Ages formed small communities around a central lord or master, living on a manorwhich consisted of the castle, the church, the village, and outlying farmland.
In exchange for living on his land, the lord gave protection to his serfs. Manors were isolated with occasional visits from peddlers, pilgrims on their way to the Crusades, or soldiers from other fiefdoms.
Gothic architecture: an introduction (article) | Khan Academy
Bishops, who were frequently wealthy, and came from noble families, ruled over a group of parishes called a diocese. Parish priests, however, came from humbler backgrounds and often had little education.
The village priest tended the poor and sick, and if he was capable, taught Latin and the Bible to the youth of the village. Enter the Middle Ages, 2. Medieval cathedrals sometimes functioned as marketplaces with the different portals of the marketplaces containing sellers with their produce: They tried to block access to the cathedral. But it was in vain.
Medieval architecture – Gothic and Romanesque – Europe
The sellers were not taxed on the items they sold inside the church; while the items they sold outside were. The Church was all in all during medieval times. From the moment of its baptism a few days after birth, a child began its life of service to the Lord and to His Church.
As the child developedit would be taught basic prayers- and unless ill- would go to church every week.Medieval Architecture: Romanesque vs. Gothic
Every person was required to pay heavy taxes to support the Church. In addition to collecting taxes, the Church also granted special favors for people who wanted assurance of a place in heaven. Gifts in the form of land, crops, flocks, and even serfs scrambled into the coffers. All this largess allowed the Church to become very powerful. As a result, it often employed this power to influence kinds and do as they wanted.
If someone went against the Church, the Pope could excommunicate them. This meant that the person could not attend any more church services or receive the sacrament, thus ensuring that they would go straight to hell when they died.
At a time when everyone believed in heaven and hell, and all belonged to the Church, this excommunication was an unbearable horror. The population increased throughout the Middle Ages. As it expanded in the 12th century, the type of church that had previously been used for worship; the ones built in the Roman or Romanesque style, with round arched roofs, became too small.
Some of the grand cathedrals became maxed to their structural limits. Forget the association of the word "Gothic" to dark, haunted houses, Wuthering Heights, or ghostly pale people wearing black nail polish and ripped fishnets.
The original Gothic style was actually developed to bring sunshine into people's lives, and especially into their churches.
To get past the accrued definitions of the centuries, it's best to go back to the very start of the word Gothic, and to the style that bears the name. The Goths were a so-called barbaric tribe who held power in various regions of Europe, between the collapse of the Roman Empire and the establishment of the Holy Roman Empire so, from roughly the fifth to the eighth century.
They were not renowned for great achievements in architecture. The style represented giant steps away from the previous, relatively basic building systems that had prevailed.
The Gothic grew out of the Romanesque architectural style, when both prosperity and relative peace allowed for several centuries of cultural development and great building schemes. From roughly toseveral significant cathedrals and churches were built, particularly in Britain and France, offering architects and masons a chance to work out ever more complex and daring designs.
The most fundamental element of the Gothic style of architecture is the pointed arch, which was likely borrowed from Islamic architecture that would have been seen in Spain at this time.
Medieval architecture - Gothic and Romanesque - Europe | meer-bezoekers.info Study Guides
Romanesque Architecture is the term which is used to describe the building styles which were used between - AD. The name of this style of Middle Ages architecture leads to the immediate association with this style of architecture is with the Roman Empire. The reason for this association are the similarities between Roman Architecture especially the Roman 'barrel vault' and the Roman arch. The Middle Ages Romanesque Architecture was the first major style of architecture to be developed after the collapse of the Roman Empire.
Stone used in Romanesque architecture was cut with precision The use of the Roman arch led to the stone being supported in the middle by the arch construction Buttresses were introduced as a means of support to the basic design in Romanesque architecture in Medieval Times The vault was developed to enable the construction of stone roofs.
Barrel or Tunnel Vaults - consisted of a continuous surface of semicircular or pointed sections resembling a barrel or tunnel which has been cut in half lengthwise. Groin Vaults were produced by the intersection, at right angles of two barrel vaults.