Fulltext - The Effects of Population Growth in Nigeria. It has been estimated that between and , nearly % of this annual growth will occur in the . development of the country's economy (fueled by oil development), Nigeria's. growth and eventual economic development, fertility rates had to be elevated ( Latimer The Relationship between Population Growth and Economic Growth. This huge population size does not just make development planning relationship between the effects of population on economic growth in Nigeria using an.
Such a decrease takes place over a relative short period of time, resulting in what is known as a population crash or dieback. If on the other hand the carrying capacity is too far exceeded, the population will crash to zero, resulting in extinction or the environment will be highly depleted, at least in that particular environment which is eminent in Nigeria if the population growth is not checked.
The difficulties experienced in preparing an adequate work of this magnitude using the double time projection cannot be overlooked when considering that population census in Nigeria is done with minimal accuracy as the actual population estimate of million used in this calculation is seen as not being correct underestimated by many population demographers and environmentalists.
How accurate will the population census being slated by the year in Nigeria be? One can only guess than imagine the accuracy of such a census in a country were such an issue is considered as a mere process of disbursing funds by some myopic thinking ones.
If by now the population has not exceeded the carrying capacity, then by slowing the population growth to zero or near zero, Nigeria can avoid what many pessimists see as inevitable; a population crash or even potential extinction in the near future. Taking China as a case study, China is one country that almost suffered such an inevitable situation, but where able to manage and checkmate this problem by taking some bold steps like the limitation on the birth rate.
The government of China restricted child birth to one child birth per family disabusing the male-child preference syndrome and as a result, this has reduced high infant mortality, old-age social security, lack of population control education as it is currently inversely seen in Nigeria and other third world countries.
At the moment China imports crude oil to sustain and increase their domestic production and consumptions. It produces an average of 3 million barrels per day and imports another 2 million barrels per day.
So in essence China is importing almost an average of what Nigeria is producing per day. This should not have been the case when one looks at the crude oil reserve of China and the foreign exchange that ought to be earned by China which most oil producing nations like Nigeria currently enjoy but instead such foreign exchange are expanded to import the crude oil to sustain the large population of about 1.
The Effects of Population Growth in Nigeria
One then imagines the resulting effect this will be on the resources available in china, when this is compared to the ever rising crude oil price in the international market. Results on the effects of population growth in Nigeria: The overall effects of this growth on the living standards, resources use and the environment will continue to change the Nigerian landscape for a very long period of time if nothing is done to checkmate the rapid population growth. These effects are presently felt most especially in; energy consumption, carbon emissions, air pollution and human congestion.
Energy consumption per capital for example, can be said to be an indicator that reflects annual consumption of commercial primary energy coal, lignite, petroleum, natural gas and hydro, nuclear and geothermal electricity in kilograms of oil equivalents per capita. Nigeria's total primary energy consumption has more than doubled since Owing to its continuing population boom and the further development of the country's economy fueled by oil developmentNigeria's energy consumption has risen from just 0.
Petroleum consumption accounted for the lion's share of Nigeria's total energy consumption inmaking up Natural gas accounted for the bulk of the remainder with Recently, the Nigerian government is looking to promote the use of coal for domestic consumption and industrial uses as a means of combating deforestation and over-reliance on oil from the growing human population.
Carbon emission in Nigerian: InNigeria emitted Emissions from natural gas accounted for The rampant flaring of natural gas in the Niger Delta during oil production is the main culprit making natural gas the main source of carbon emissions in Nigeria, other sources are fuel wood, automotive engines and industries. Nigeria's per capita carbon emissions have fluctuated over the past 20 years, but generally have stood at or near 0.
This will definitely increase if the population growth is not checked.
Air pollution and human congestion in Nigeria: The increase in air pollution has remained a problem in Nigeria, as other sources such as automobiles and diesel-fired electricity generators contribute to the choking air in cities such as Abuja and Lagos, which are plagued by daily smog shrouding the skyline of the central city.
Studies carried out by the Federal Environmental Protection Agency FEPA show a moderate-to-high concentration of pollutants such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, organic acid s and hydrocarbons in the atmosphere, the majority of which come from automotive engines and industries.
The population explosion in Lagos since the s during the s oil boom put tremendous pressure on city government resources, which could not keep up to manage traffic adequately, same is now being seen in Abuja the current capital. Despite having a population estimated at 12 million, Lagos does not have a subway or intra-city rail service, leaving residents dependent on automobiles for transportation.
The country's oil boom and low oil prices also have led to an influx of cars and consequent traffic congestion which continues to get worse. This is probably with out doubt the time it will take Nigeria to reach its carrying capacity and this will put enormous pressure on the environment an environment that obviously has no means of any improved technology in dealing with environmental issues.
The calculation that has been done using double time will thus answer the question regarding; How many people is enough?
How many is too many? The definite answer to both questions is a positive one because at the rate of the growth, 27 years is a short period of time from now.
The environment is already being depleted showing that the population is already enough to have a meaningful negative effect on the environment and within the projected time will be facing total depletion and highly inhabitable to the human population.
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