The organization and legal design of public decision-making is studied across the three The altered relationships in public law nevertheless do not only entail . What is Good Governance?, UNESCAP · Sustainable Governance Indicators · World Bank Researchers Analysising Governance. Strengthening the relationship between a government and its citizens might seem to citizens in policy-making allows governments to tap new sources of ideas.
The dynamics and interrelatedness between substantial, institutional and procedural public law can moreover not be disregarded.
Phenomena such as agencification have made the government landscape more complex and represent potential dangers in terms of transparency and legal certainty.
On the other hand, they have encouraged governments to devise procedural rules in such a way that they contribute to the legitimacy and accountability of public decision-making resp. This complex reality confronts the public law with specific challenges with regard to legal protection: The question arises how the legislative, the administration or the courts remedy such situations.
Another related difficulty concerns the way in which horizontal interactions and procedures can be fitted into more traditional, vertical configurations of public decision-making, which have to be respected by governments.
To what extent should administrations for instance feel obliged to comply with the results of participation procedures when they make use of their coercive decision-making powers? This multiplication and variety of actors, instruments and procedures is not limited to the executive. The legislative for instance has witnessed the emergence of ombudsmen and related institutions, which have come to play a crucial role as independent and impartial mediators between elected representatives and citizens.
Judicial decision-making, on the other hand, is on the verge of reforms that aim to put governments and citizens on a more equal footing, for instance by introducing possibilities of mediation within the framework of court proceedings. A particular challenge in this regard is to identify the cases in which such alternative forms of dispute resolution are lawful and suitable. Which techniques do courts already employ and can we equip them with a broader range of instruments to settle cases e.
Apart from a strictly legal analysis, this line of research also applies methods from other disciplines such as sociology of law, for instance when doing research on the functioning of mediation ombuds services, the judiciary, the right to housing and the practice of consultation. Objectives This line of research aims to perform: Research on the multiplicity of actors and instruments that play a role in contemporary public decision-making and how this diversity can be tuned in open and transparent decision-making procedures.
Research on the changed position of citizens in their relationship to the government: This includes the redefinition of both the role and scope of the rights that citizens enjoy and the duties that rest upon them, as well as their enforceability.
Research questions In relation to objective 1: The question arises how this affects the legal design of administrations and decision-making procedures as well as public values or principles of good governance such as transparency. This line of research covers the following questions: What new forms of administrative organization emerge as a consequence of this trend and how do they relate to the traditional configuration?
How do governments engage, regulate and control private actors performing public responsibilities and tasks? What new forms of regulation characterize networks of public administrations?
All fine in theory, but where to start in practice? While not having all the answers, a new OECD book, Citizens as Partners, has closely scrutinised the issues, a range of country experiences and throws some light on the way forward.
The starting point is clear. To engage people effectively in policymaking, governments must invest adequate time and resources in building robust legal, policy and institutional frameworks. They must develop and use appropriate tools, ranging from traditional opinion polls of the population at large to consensus conferences with small groups of laypersons.
Experience has shown, however, that without leadership and commitment throughout the public administration, even the best policies will have little practical effect.
The key ingredients for success in engaging citizens in policymaking are close to hand, including information, consultation and public participation. Information provided has to be objective, complete, relevant, easy to find and easy to understand. And there has to be equal treatment when it comes to obtaining information and participating in policymaking. This means, among other things, governments doing all they can to cater for the special needs of linguistic minorities or the disabled.
The scope, quantity and quality of government information provided to the public has increased greatly over the past 20 years and legal rights to information are widespread among OECD countries. Legal rights to consultation and active participation are less common. In some countries, such as Canada, Finland and Japan, the government is required to consult with citizens to assess the impact of new regulations. But it is not enough to inform in advance; if governments want people to invest their time in consultation, they must account for the use of that input in policymaking and explain their decisions afterwards.
But once these rights are in place, what then?
Governance and public decision making - University of Antwerp
Lawson differs with him in that this impartial application of law ignores important factors like the economic liberalism, which matters due to its relation with economic growth. In local governments[ edit ] Good governance is argued to be the most important in local governments.
It tries to promote more relationships between government and Neighborhood councils Community councils Good governance with local government aims to increase civil engagement with more members of the community in order to get the best options that serves the people.
The method for this experiment included injecting stratospheric sulfur aerosols into the Earth's atmosphere.
Good governance - Wikipedia
The criteria or "stage-gate" that they must pass before performing their experiment included the following; identify safe and principle risks, test must be compliant with relevant regulations, future applications and impacts, and mechanisms put in place to review these in the light of new information, and that the stakeholders must be regarded and taken into account.
Before research can be conducted in the field of geoengineering it must be scrutinized using good governance to ensure testing isn't harmful to the environment and to detail all the possible risks that may occur. Each movement for reform establishes criteria for what they consider good governance based on their own needs and agendas. The following are examples of good governance standards for prominent organizations in the international community.
According to former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan"Good governance is ensuring respect for human rights and the rule of law; strengthening democracy; promoting transparency and capacity in public administration. Rule of Law - Legal framework should be enforced impartially, especially on human right laws.
Consensus Oriented - Mediates differing interests to meet the broad consensus on the best interests of a community. Equity and Inclusiveness - People should have opportunities to improve or maintain their well-being. Effectiveness and Efficiency - Processes and institutions should be able to produce results that meet the needs of their community while making the best of their resources.
Accountability - Governmental institutions, private sectors, and civil society organizations should be held accountable to the public and institutional stakeholders. Transparency - Information should be accessible to the public and should be understandable and monitored.
Governance and public decision making
Responsiveness - Institutions and processes should serve all stakeholders. Inthe IMF declared "promoting good governance in all its aspects, including by ensuring the rule of law, improving the efficiency and accountability of the public sector, and tackling corruption, as essential elements of a framework within which economies can prosper".
Worldwide Governance Indicators[ edit ] Main article: Worldwide Governance Indicators The Worldwide Governance Indicators is a program funded by the World Bank to measure the quality of governance of over countries. They have been studying countries since However, a literature review analyzing the link between democracy and development by Alina Rocha Menocal of the Overseas Development Institute stresses the inconclusiveness of evidence on this relationship.