Pimp-Prostitute Relationship | Anna Engel
The following is for those who seek to look further into how laws affect the pimp/ prostitute relationship and the twist to sex worker and pimp terminology that is. The complex relationships between pimps and prostitutes complicate the criminal investigation of human trafficking. The relationship between a. I used to think of the pimp-prostitute relationship as an economic arrangement, where the prostitute gives the pimp a portion of her earnings in.
The least respected, or newer pimps, are the "popcorn pimps" and "wannabes". Losing one's prostitute to another pimp is known as being "peeled". Informing a pimp that one of his prostitutes has switched pimps is a professional courtesy, and any attempt to respond to this courtesy with violence will quickly get the violent pimp labeled a "Gorilla" or "Godzilla". Prostitutes who move between pimps often are labeled as a "Choosey Susie". In addition, a prostitute may "bounce" from pimp to pimp without paying the "pimp moving" tax.
Pimping rivals narcotic sales as a major source of funding for many gangs; this is particularly true with African-American gangs. Gangs need money to survive, and money equates to power and respect. While selling drugs may be lucrative for a gang, this activity often carries significant risk as stiff legal penalties and harsh mandatory minimum sentencing laws exist. However, with pimping, gang members still make money while the prostitutes themselves bear the majority of the risk.
Pimping has several benefits to the gang that the pimp belongs to. These benefits include helping the gang recruit new members because the gang has women available for sex and the money brought in by prostitution allows gang members to buy cars, clothes and weapons, all of which help to recruit younger members into the gang by increasing the reputation of the gang in the local gang subculture.
The presence of gangs and weapons and drugs is a virtual guarantee when prostitutes are present, which is why many law-enforcement agencies advocate taking an aggressive stance against prostitutes. Many vice units work to ascertain if the prostitute they have arrested has a pimp, and if so, they pressure them to provide information about their pimp and the gang involved.
Case Studies Public Link: December 8, Defendants Williams and Hayes and 14 other accused were charged with thirty-two counts alleging a mutli-year, national conspiracy to engage in interstate sex trafficking of women and girls.
As part of its case, the Government proposed to call Dr. Cooper as an expert witness, to testify to three issues: Motion to exclude expert testimony of Dr Sharon W Cooper, granted in part 1, 3denied in part 2. Daubert Analysis Overall the court found that Dr. Cooper had specialized knowledge: Cooper submitted curriculum vitae and during the Daubert hearing Dr.
Cooper is board-certified, has practiced for more than two decades, both as a civilian and military doctor; Dr.
Cooper has evaluated and treated individuals who have been sexually exploited, is familiar with relevant literature, lectures internationally on the subject, and has co-authored two books. The court found that this evidence was not probative as to whether the defendants engaged in the criminal conspiracy to traffic women; it would not aid the jury in assessing whether the crime was committed.
It was irrelevant and would unduly prejudice the defendants. The court wrote that "While such testimony is well suited for congressional hearings on appropriate penalties, it would not aid a juror in assessing whether a crime was committed. The court recognized that the criteria normally used to guide reliability as identified by the Supreme Court was not applicable in this case. The court found, however, that the general information that Dr.
Cooper intended to proffer was already subjected to peer review, that her conclusions were generally accepted in the field and that Dr. Cooper was familiar with the body of literature addressing prostitution. Cooper would be providing information on the dynamics of the typical pimp-prostitute relationship, the methods of grooming prostitutes and the deterrents to escaping. Cooper would also testify about syndromes related to young women in prostitution, specifically commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth syndrome "CSECY".
The court found that this evidence could help explain why women did not leave their pimps and could address the vulnerability and enticement of women. Generally, it would help to "demystify the relationship between pimp and prostitute" and would "provide a framework … which … [will] enable the jury to more meaningfully evaluate whether the element of coercion has been established by the Government beyond a reasonable doubt.
The court noted that Dr. Cooper did not locate the medical records of the women and that Dr.
Cooper diagnosed the women based on telephone conversations that lasted 1 hour, which even Dr. For example, during the course of one of the 1-hour conversation, Dr.
Cooper diagnosed one woman with seven types of physical injuries and eight different mental health conditions. Cooper did not elicit information from the women about what happened to them or their victimization, nor about their willingness to become a prostitute or desire to leave.
II Procedural Issues regarding Dr. Two weeks before trial the Government disclosed an incomplete report form Dr. Cooper regarding her conversations with the women in the case and providing her diagnosis of 5 of 10 of the women. The Government also sought to introduce evidence regarding one witness Dr.
The Hustle: Economics of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy
Cooper interviewed the morning of the trial. The court held that this would prevent defense counsel from investigating the reasoning and information in the opinion and was therefore inadmissible, contrary to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. Part of what the government needed to prove is that the victims prostituted themselves on behalf of the Defendant as their pimp because of force, fraud and coercion.